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Tuesday, December 25, 2007

Recovery Catalog

Recovery Catalog

What is recovery catalog?
Recovery catalog is external database which use to store RMAN repository

What is RMAN repository?
RMAN repository is collection of target database which store information about RMAN backup, recovery and maintenance.

When recovery catalog is not in used then where RMAN repository stored?
When recovery catalog is not in used then RMAN repository store in CONTROLFILE.

Where we create recovery catalog?
We have two option for it.
1. We can create recovery catalog on target database through create separate tablespace for recovery catalog.
Or
2. We can create separate database for recovery catalog.

NOTE: if we have more than one database then separate database for recovery catalog is recommended instead of separate tablespace.

How recovery catalog store information about RMAN repository?
After creation of recovery catalog we have to manually register each target database to recovery catalog.

Should we need to take backup of recovery catalog?
Yes, We must take backup of recovery catalog because recovery catalog store most important information about RMAN backup, recovery and RMAN configuration if we lost recovery catalog then we can’t get those information so it is always recommended to take recovery catalog backup.

How take recovery catalog backup?
1. If recovery catalog created as separate tablespace on target database
Then just export recovery catalog tablespace and store in backup drive.

2. If recovery catalog created as separate database.
Then we can use any backup method which we use for target database for instance we can use user managed backup or we can also use RMAN method.

Is there any view for query information about recovery catalog?
Yes, actually for recovery catalog we need to create separate user. And after user and recovery catalog creation there is some view created in recovery catalog users with RC_ prefix. For instance: RC_DATABASE

How to configure recovery catalog for target database?
There are three steps for recovery catalog configuration.
1. Configure the database that will content the recovery catalog,
2. Create owner for recovery catalog
3. Create recovery catalog

SQL> conn sys@dev as sysdba
Enter password:
Connected.
SQL> create tablespace CATDB
2 datafile 'c:\oracle\catdb01.dbf' size 10m;

Tablespace created.

NOTE: Here I am create separate tablespace for recovery catalog on target database.

SQL>conn sys@dev as sysdba
Connected.

SQL> create user CATDB
2 identified by CATDB
3 default tablespace CATDB;

NOTE: Owner for recovery catalog

SQL> grant connect,resource to catdb;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> grant recovery_catalog_owner to CATDB;

Grant succeeded.

NOTE: Grant the RECOVERY_CATALOG_OWNER role to the schema owner. This role provides the user with all privileges required to maintain and query the recovery catalog.


C:\>rman

Recovery Manager: Release 10.1.0.5.0 - Production

Copyright (c) 1995, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.

RMAN> connect catalog catdb/catdb@dev

connected to recovery catalog database
recovery catalog is not installed

RMAN> create catalog tablespace CATDB;

recovery catalog created

NOTE: now recovery catalog is created.

SQL> conn catdb/catdb@dev
Connected.
SQL> select table_name from user_tables where rownum =1;

TABLE_NAME
------------------------------
RCVER

NOTE: after recovery catalog creation we can check all recovery catalog views is created in recovery catalog owner.


What we do after create recovery catalog?
Now just register target database to recovery catalog and store RMAN repository in recovery catalog.

C:\>rman target sys@dev catalog catdb/catdb@dev

Recovery Manager: Release 10.1.0.5.0 - Production

Copyright (c) 1995, 2004, Oracle. All rights reserved.

target database Password:
connected to target database: DEV (DBID=3718891706)
connected to recovery catalog database

RMAN> register database;

database registered in recovery catalog
starting full resync of recovery catalog
full resync complete

NOTE: “target sys@dev” is use for target database which we want to register to recovery catalog through recovery catalog owner “catdb/catdb@dev”.

5 comments:

Babu B said...

Excellent article.

Using your post every one knows rman configuration and recovery catalog details.

Good.

Balaji said...

Simply great.Really easy to understand the concept and creation of recovery catalog.

Well done

pradeep said...

This is too good..Keep up the good work.

Dorn said...

it's helpful, thx

Balaji said...

Recovery catalog is well said in this article.no words for you. Superb!